Julz Gem Designs
Lampwork beads are made by melting narrow rods of glass by hand over an open flame (usually a torch). The glass is wrapped around a thin metal rod (a mandrel), which later becomes the hole through the bead. Many effects can be achieved through using various colors of glass and various techniques. After the beads are made, they are then put into a kiln to heat all parts evenly and then allowed to cool slowly to reduce the stress in the bead and to make sure the glass does not crack as it cools. This is called annealing and it results in stronger beads. After the bead is cooled it is removed from the mandrel.